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In order to improve upon the publication process of the Journal of The Ghana Science Association (JGSA), The Ghana Science Association has launched an online Open Journal System (OJS) which is designed to facilitate the development of open access, peer-reviewed publishing, and managing of article and publications. OJS is a world-class standardized Journal Management System used by top global research institutions and universities. The Open Journal System provides the platform for an effective online presentation of journal articles, facilitating the editorial management workflow process including article submission, multiple rounds of peer-review, indexing, etc.

To efficiently use the system a graphical guide has been developed to aid users; from Authors, Reviewers, and Subject Area Editors.

Authors guide


Reviewers guide


Subject Area Editors guide


Kindly click on the link to submit, screen, assign, review, correct, etc. manuscript:


The journal accepts original papers, reviews and short communications on all scientific and technological subjects from Ghana and other countries. It is published at least two times in a year.

Text Preparation
The structure of the main text should be in the following order: Abstract, 1. Introduction, 2. Method, 3. Results, 4. Discussion, and 5. Conclusion. These headings should be typed in lowercase but boldface (left aligned) and numbered 1, 2, 3, etc. Subsections of these (except conclusion) should be numbered, e.g., 1.1 (heading typed normal) and 1.1.1 (heading typed in italics), etc. for further subsections. The above order should be followed by Acknowledgements and References.

The abstract should be typed in block, i.e., without paragraphs or subdivisions; and it should give a comprehensive summary of the paper, stating the major result or conclusion. It should be able to stand by itself, but it should not contain any reference. Keywords are not required.

References should be given in the text by indicating author(s) and year of publication. When a reference is part of a sentence it should be cited as: Menyeh and O’Reilly, (1991); Menyeh et al. (1997), but when it is inserted within a sentence it should be: (Menyeh and O’Reilly, 1991); (Menyeh et al., 1997), etc. Only references cited in the text should be listed in alphabetical order (with names of all contributors, not, for example, Menyeh et al…) at the end of the paper. In other words, references which are not cited in the text cannot be listed.
The following are examples:
Book Reference: [In the following order: Name of author(s), year of publication, title of book, publisher, place of publication and the numbers for the referenced pages, e.g., “O’Reilly, W. (1984). Rock and Mineral Magnetism, Blackie, Glasgow, pp. 120-125”].

Journal Reference: [e.g., Menyeh, A. and O’Reilly, W. (1991). The magnetization process in monoclinic pyrrhotite particles containing few domains, Geophysical Journal International, 104, 387-399]. Names of periodicals should be abbreviated according to the World List of Scientific Periodicals. However, if in doubt, the full name of the journal should be given. The above journal, for example, should be abbreviated as: Geophys. J. Int.

Conference Proceedings: [e.g. Ofosu-Asiedu, A. (1997). “The Wood Industry and the Environment”. In: A. Menyeh, S. Osafo Acquaah and W. O. Ellis (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Biennial Conference, Kumasi, 4th August, 1997, pp.19-34].

Reference from a book edited by one or more persons [e.g., Kullerud, G. (1971). “Experimental techniques in dry sulfide research”. In: G. C. Ulmer (Ed.), Research techniques” for high pressure and high temperature, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp.288-315].

The maximum size for a Table is 150 mm x 200 mm and it should be without an outside border as well as lines for row and column entries. However, only headings for the columns should be enclosed between top and bottom borders: Tables should be numbered consecutively and referred to in the text [e.g., (Table 1)]. The titles should be typed on top in Boldface [e.g., Table 1. Variation of Temperature with…]. Indicate in pencil in the right-hand margin, the desired location of Tables.

The maximum size allowed for an illustration is 150 x 200 mm. Originals of illustrations should be prepared using black drawing ink on a good quality tracing paper or white paper. However, Laser and Inkjet quality prints of diagrams are acceptable. All maps, field sketches, etc. should include a metric bar scale. Letters or numerals should not be less than 1 mm in height after reproduction.

Figures should be numbered consecutively and referred to in the text [e.g. (Fig. 1)]. However, separate parts of a single Figure should be labeled (a), (b), etc. and be referred to as Fig. 1(a), Fig. 1(b) etc. in the text. Author’s name and Figure numbers should be written lightly in pencil on the reverse side [e.g. Fig. 1. Menyeh et al.]. Captions of Figures should be typed, double spaced on separate sheets. Indicate in pencil in the right-hand margin, the desired location of Figures. Photographs should be sharp, glossy prints (preferable, in black and white). A scale should be given using some item of stated dimensions or by adding a metric bar scale.

S.I. units should be used throughout the text. Use negative indices instead of / and leave a space between numbers and symbols [e.g. 1.5 m s-1, not 1.5 ms-1 or 1.5 m/s]

Equations should be typed in Math. Mode [i.e. z = ax + by]. If there are more than one equations, they should be numbered consecutively [e.g. z = ax + by … (1)]. For clarity, indicate in words, in the right-hand margin, the name of any Greek symbol the first time it is used in the text.

Each manuscript will be refereed by at least two reviewers.

Proofs will be sent to auditors. They must be returned quickly to a high speed for publication.

Copyright transfer

By submitting papers to this journal, authors agree to transfer the copyright of their papers to the Ghana Science Association. No part of this publication may be reproduce, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, Be it electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise without the prior written permission from the Ghana Science Association.

1 week
Initial screening of manuscript
½ week
Allocation of manuscript to Subject Area Editor
1 week
Allocation of manuscript to reviewers
3 ½ weeks
Reviewing of manuscript
½ week
Correction of manuscript by author
Click Here
1 week
Authentication of corrections
½ week
Acceptance of paper fro publication by Editor-in-Chief
½ week
Typesetting of paper
½ week
Galley proofreading by author
½ week
Final arrangement of paper
½ week
Publication of paper on website
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The Journal of the Ghana Science Association (JGSA) is committed to publishing quality papers hence strongly recommends that all stakeholders adhere to the following ethical standards.

Duties of the Editor-in-Chief

Publication Decisions
The Editor-in-Chief, in consultation with the editorial team is responsible for deciding which submitted articles should be published based on the reviewer comments received for each manuscript.

All submitted manuscripts will be assessed and manuscripts found to be compliant with editorial policy and submission requirements will be put through the review process, without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation or institutional affiliation of the author(s).

The Editor-in-Chief and supporting staff will handle information on a submitted manuscript with confidentiality.

Disclosures of Conflicts of Interest
The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board will avoid all forms of situations presenting a potential conflict of interest.

Duties of Reviewers
Peer reviewers are expected to submit their reports per the stipulated time but can request for extension of time when necessary. Peer reviewers are at liberty to decline a review request.

All manuscripts received for review will be treated as confidential.

Reviewers are expected to apply the strictest codes of scientific professionalism to the process and are not expected to use or quote from any manuscripts they review.

Conflict of interest
Reviewers should notify the Editor-in-Chief whenever there is the potential conflict of interest.

Duties of Authors
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors must ensure that the manuscripts presented are their original works and must appropriately cite all referenced materials. Manuscripts found to have plagiarized material will be rejected and if plagiarism is found after an article is published, the Editor-in-Chief will publish a retraction of that manuscript in the subsequent issue.

Acknowledgment of Sources
Authors must properly acknowledge works or publications that have been influential in determining the research.

Authorship of the Article
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors are included on the manuscript, and that all coauthors have approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

Simultaneous publication
Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time to be considered for publication. If an author is of the view that there are undue delays, the Editor-in-Chief must be notified of the intention to withdraw and the author must receive a response from the Editor-in-Chief before submitting it elsewhere for publication.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, the author is obliged to promptly notify the Editor-in-Chief and fully cooperate with the Editor-in-Chief to correct the article or retract it.

All sources of financial support for the research should be disclosed.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of The Ghana Science Association.


JGSA requires that authors note that copyright is vested in the Journal.
It is the responsibility of authors to secure the necessary copyright permissions if reproducing illustrations and diagrams or using extensive ditto quotes reaching to 100 words or more at any one quote.


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